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New Books

The following list contains the most recently added items charged to Nursing and the list is refreshed on a nightly basis. If you see a title that the library does NOT have, please contact Mr. Thomson, the subject specialist or fill out "Please Buy This".

Faculty Consultant

This research guide has been prepared in consultation with Dr. Phyllis Montgomery of  the School of Nursing.

Nursing Program

For information about Laurentian's Nursing program, including links to the Collaborative sites, please visit the program's web site.

Welcome

The purpose of this guide is to recommend print and electronic resources for conducting research in nursing in the Library.  Click on the links on the left for suggestions about starting your research, getting books and articles, and finding other useful tools for research in nursing. 

Connect from Off Campus

Most of the Library's online resources are available to you from anywhere off campus.  See: UL Proxy Accounts.

Library Instruction

To learn more about the library and its resources and how you can exploit them to your advantage, register in the Research Skills Tutorial on D2L. There are several sections in the tutorial with a short quiz at the end of each; at the end you will receive a Certificate of Completion. Many professors require you to take this tutorial--and once you finish it, you can save your certificate to reprint as often as necessary.

In the fall,  the library hosts live Orientation tours as well as Zotero classes which you can sign up for at the library's entrance, and even after the formal schedule is finished, we are very happy to put on special classes at the request of at least 5 students. If you would like to arrange a special class, or you think your course would benefit from some in-class library instruction, please ask your professor to contact the librarian responsible for your faculty to set up some sessions.

Subject Librarian

AThomson's picture

Name: Ashley Thomson, BEd, MA, MLS
Position Title: Instruction Librarian
Email Address: athomson
Extension: 3322
Office Location: J.N. Desmarais Library & Archives, 30-245

Help with a Paper

I am available to help you throughout the academic year. If you would like to arrange for an individual appointment, please e-mail me (athomson@laurentian.ca) with a requested date and time, and a brief description of your project.

More Help

In the library: The Library User Assistance Desk to your immediate left as you enter the library is a good place to start.

By email: Email the librarian responsible for your faculty for a reply during regular working hours.

By telephone: 705-675-4803, or toll free at 1-800-661-1058, ext. 2

By chat: With our "Ask the Library" service. For more information, see About Ask a Librarian.

For Distance Education students: Telephone: 1-800-661-1058, ext. 2 or email: Distance_l@laurentian.ca

Get Started

Quick Tips on Preparing for Research

Before you start:

  • understand the key terms you may be using as well as the general area that interests you;
  • think about ways to narrow your topic, making it as specific as possible (unless you have been given a specific topic to research!);
  • create a thesis statement;
  • list  the main concepts (key words) included in your thesis statement (research question), then based on your readings;
  • find as many synonyms as you can for each main concept. You are now ready to start searching in the library's catalogue and databases.

When you are looking for definitions or if you don’t know much about a specific subject, reference works such as dictionaries and encyclopedias become invaluable because they contain relatively short—and understandable—articles. These articles often lay out the parameters of a subject and can assist you in trying to narrow your topic. Often such articles are accompanied by lists of readings (bibliographies) which allow you to explore your topic further.

The best general reference work is: Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health  2nd ed.  2006. (In print). 

The right panel features some of the key research aids in  the discipline of Nursing.

Research Aids

 

General

Dictionaries 

Encyclopedias

         Handbooks

Get Books and Theses

Why Use Books?

  • Books are extremely valuable resources when doing in-depth research on a topic! Authors have hundreds of pages to give detailed explanations and background information surrounding the various facets of your research interest.
  • Using this kind of in-depth information will make it easier to form a research question or thesis statement (or even spark your inspiration)
  • The bibliographies found in books are extensive, and will point you to other resources to add to your own resource list.
  • Remember: scholars write journal articles under the assumption that you already have a relatively thorough understanding of the topic – this means that you will likely not find the foundational information needed for your topic in the beginning stages of your research process. In this sense, books become indispensable

Shelf Searching

Laurentian uses LC Classification. Some patrons may wish to browse for books in the stacks; Nursingis generally classified under Medicine (R), more specifically Nursing holds the classification RT.

Various designations under Medicine (R):

RA: Public aspects of medicine
RB: Pathology
RC: Internal medicine
RD: Surgery
RE: Ophthalmology
RF: Otorhinolaryngology
RG: Gynecology and obstetrics
RJ: Pediatrics
RK: Dentistry
RL: Dermatology
RM: Therapeutics; pharmacology
RS: Pharmacy and materia medica
RT: Nursing
RX: Homeopathy
RZ: Other systems of medicine

 

Searching the Catalogue

The catalogue is your primary tool for finding books in the J.N. Desmarais Library. You can also use the catalogue to find other materials, including government publications and journals (the journals themselves--not individual articles).

You can search the catalogue by:

  • Keyword
  • Title
  • Author
  • Subject
  • Journal Title

When you know the book you are searching for, pick Title or Author; when you are searching for a topic, start with Keyword unless you know the exact Subject heading describing your topic.

More on searching the Catalogue is available in Module 5 of the Research Skills Tutorial in D2L.

E-books

E-books are located in two different places:
  • Some may be located by using the library’s catalogue and selecting "Electronic" item form. These records will have [electronic resource] in the title.
  • E-books can also be located by searching in e-book collections. Searching in these collections is the same as searching in a database.

Recommended E-Book Collections

  • Books at Ovid ?

    Description: over 450 ebooks in the health sciences

  • Ebook Central (was: Ebrary) ?

    Description: close to 40,000 ebooks in multiple subject areas

  • EBSCOHost eBook Collection ?

    Description: Over 7,500 ebooks in multiple subject areas

  • MyiLibrary ?

    Description: over 20,000 ebooks in multiple subject areas

  • PsycBOOKS ?

    Description: Over 2,800 ebooks in psychology.

  • Scholars Portal - Ebooks ?

    Description: Over 345,000 ebooks in multiple subject areas. Select Full Text Only to find only those ebooks with full text.

  • Springer LINK ?

    Description: SpringerLink currently offers 2,777 fully peer-reviewed journals and 56,704 books online.

  • Thieme Ebooks ?

    Description: 60 ebooks in health and medicine.

Recent Acquisitions

The following list contains the most recently added items charged to Nursing and the  list is refreshed on a nightly basis.  If you see a title that the library does NOT have, please contact the Mr. Thomson, the subject specialist.

WorldCat

With nearly 200 million records representing titles held by nearly 75,000 libraries you will find almost any book ever published in the English language in WorldCat.
Search Tips:  Once you log-in, click on the Help Button: Help button
After your search, when you see a title that interests you, click on it and within the record you will see an image for "Get it @ Laurentian" :
   Get it @ Laurentian
When you click on that, you will be led to a menu which allows you to check for availability in Laurentian’s catalogue or order the item through ILL - Interlibrary Loan.
Note: While a free version of WorldCat is available online, we recommend that you use the university's subscription version of WorldCat because it offers the "Get it @ Laurentian" feature and more powerful search functionality.

Theses

In addition to books, you may wish to search for book-length Master's theses or Ph.D dissertations.

Best bet:  Dissertations and Theses (ProQuest).

If you are also looking for recent theses or dissertations produced by Laurentian graduates, check out our Research Repository - LUZONE.  Note that since 2013, before graduation all Masters and Doctoral candidates MUST deposit their theses or dissertations in this repository.

Get Articles

Articles: Quick Tips

The databases to the right provide references to many scholarly journal articles and papers.

  1. Start off with keyword searches expressing your topic. Keyword searching crosses all fields.
  2. Use Search Operators such as "OR" and "AND" to expand or reduce your results.
  3. Review those items that look relevant, then, exploit the details within those entries to help lead you to other relevant articles.
    • Pay attention to the subject headings (often called "descriptors") to see how the database describes your topic and use them to find related articles.
    • Find other papers written by the same author; these will typically be on similar subjects.
    • Follow citation trails: other articles that have cited this article will probably be on a related subject and will include citations to other articles of interest.
  4. For more Secrets of Searching a Database, review that section in How to Research Like a Librarian.

Peer Review

Peer Review is the evaluation of creative work by scholars in the same field in order to maintain or enhance the quality of the work in that field.

In the case of peer reviewed journals, which are usually academic, peer review generally refers to the evaluation of the articles in them prior to publication. For more, check out this definition of peer review.

  • To ascertain whether a journal is peer reviewed, consult Ulrichsweb.

Recommended Starting Databases

  • CINAHL ?

    Description: CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) provides indexing for more than 2,980 journals from the fields of nursing and allied health. The database contains more than 2,000,000 records dating back to 1981.

  • ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source ?

    Description: Health care information covering nursing, allied health, alternative and complementary medicine. Includes over 890 full-text journals and 12,300 full-text dissertations.

Subject Databases

  • Medline (Ovid) ?

    Description: The latest bibliographic citations and author abstracts from more than 5,500 biomedicine and life sciences journals in nearly 40 languages.

  • NOSM: Health Information Resource Centre Databases ?

    Description: The Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) collection of health-related research resources is available to the Laurentian University community. The NOSM collection includes resources that are not part of the Laurentian University collection.

  • NOSM: Health Information Resource Centre E-Journals ?

    Description: The Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) collection of health-related electronic journals are available to Laurentian University students. The collection includes journal titles that are not part of Laurentian University's GetIt@Laurentian knowledge base, including Academic Search Premier.

  • Ontario Population Health Index of Databases (OPHID) ?

    Description: OPHID is a free database index resource for researchers, students, or anyone working on or with population health issues. It provides an on-line, searchable index of a wide variety of data sources relevant to Ontario (as well as Canada), details about their content, and how to gain access to them.

  • PubMed ?

    Description: PubMed comprises more than 21 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

Some Related Databases

  • Embase ?

    Description: A major biomedical and pharmaceutical database indexing "international journals in the following fields: drug research, pharmacology, pharmaceutics, toxicology, clinical and experimental human medicine, health policy and management, public health, occupational health, environmental health, drug dependence and abuse, psychiatry, forensic medicine, and biomedical engineering/instrumentation." There is selective coverage for nursing, psychology, and alternative medicine. An online database of biomedical literature - the computerized version of the 42 print Excerpta Medica Abstract Journals. Embase is an alternative to Medline/PubMed; 40% of the journals indexed in Embase are not indexed in Medline; it is a place to find non-North American material; 75% of articles are from journals published in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. Finally, is is a place to find recently published articles; articles appear within 10 days of being sent to the database

  • Native Health Database ?

    Description: The University of New Mexico's Native Health Database

  • PsycINFO ?

    Description: PsycINFO is an electronic bibliographic database providing abstracts and citations to the scholarly literature in the psychological, social, behavioral, and health sciences. The database includes material of relevance to psychologists and professionals in related fields such as psychiatry, management, business, education, social science, neuroscience, law, medicine, and social work. Updated weekly, PsycINFO provides access to journal articles, books, chapters, and dissertations.

  • Sage Journals ?

    Description: More than 750 journals spanning the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Science, Technology, and Medicine, and more than 300 are published on behalf of learned societies and institutions.

  • Scholars Portal - Ejournals ?

    Description: Scholars Portal is a digital repository of over 20 million scholarly articles drawn from journals covering every academic discipline.

  • ScienceDirect ?

    Description: A full-text scientific database offering journal articles and book chapters from nearly 2,500 journals and 26,000 books in the fields of physical, life, health and social sciences, engineering and the humanities.

Citation Sources

When researching a paper, it is useful to consult the citations used by the author of an article that you find relevant.  But that article itself may have been cited by other authors after it was first written. Two sources help you identify such citations:

Getting Articles @ Laurentian

In any database, when you see an article that interests you, click on it and, unless the article is available within the database itself, within the record you will see an image that says "Get it @ Laurentian":

Get it at Laurentian

When you click on that,  you will arrive at a menu which will lead to an electronic copy of the article you want, or, if not available electronically, to Laurentian's catalogue which will allow you to check if the article is available in print in the library, and if not, to a final link which allows you to order the item through Interlibrary loan.

Get Evidenced-Informed Sources

Definition

The Canadian Nurses Association believes: "Evidence-informed  decision-making  is a continuous  interactive process involving the explicit, conscientious and judicious consideration of the best available evidence to provide care."  However, the Association concludes: "It is imperative  to acknowledge that no level of evidence eliminates the need for professional clinical judgment or for the consideration of client preferences.

Advantages

According to Nurse-One: "Patients depend on nurses to do the best on their behalf. As part of their professional accountability, nurses must continually examine the best way to deliver care...When delivered in a context of caring and an organizational culture that promotes best practices, EBP is associated with higher quality care and better patient outcomes than care that is steeped in tradition."   Further "EBP also reduces practice variations, promoting greater consistency of care and contributing greatly to quality and patient safety agendas... EBP leads to improved health care provider satisfaction... including increased nurse autonomy...Work stress is reduced for nurses when evidence-based guidelines are enacted.... At a system level, “nursing and health-care services based on the best currently available evidence have been shown to decrease costs” and improve cost-effectiveness."

Types of Evidence

Canadian Nurses Association believes that a variety of sources are being used by nurses to facilitate their use of evidence. These sources include systematic reviews, research studies and abstraction journals that summarize valid, clinically useful published studies, and clinical practice guidelines. Guidelines are based on the most rigorous research available, and when research is not available, they are grounded in expert opinion and consensus." 

References

See the following bibliography available in NurseONE.

The 6S Pyramid: Resources for Evidence-Based Practice

Six S Pyramid

The 6S pyramid is arranged in a hierarchy, with the different levels outlined and colour-coded to the right of this page

To begin your search for relevant evidence, use the concepts identified in your focussed question , remembering:

  • A piece of evidence's ability to guide clinical action increases as you move up the pyramid.

  • The breadth of knowledge is largest at the base of the triangle.

N.B.  This and the following panel of this Guide has been adapted from one developed at McMaster University.  It has been modified for local use.

Three Key References

Here are three articles, the first which will puts the 6S system in context and the second two which explain how it can be searched:

DiCenso, A., Bayley, L., & Haynes, R. B. (2009). Accessing pre-appraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model. Evidence based nursing, 12(4), 99-101.

Robeson, P., Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., & Tirilis, D. (2010). Facilitating access to pre-processed research evidence in public health. BMC public health, 10(1), 95.

Windish, D. (2013). Searching for the right evidence: how to answer your clinical questions using the 6S hierarchy. Evidence Based Medicine, 18(3), 93-97.

 

The 6S Pyramid in Action

SYSTEMS

Integrating information from the lower levels of the hierarchy with individual patient records, systems represent the ideal source of evidence for clinical decision-making. 

 

SUMMARIES

Summaries are regularly updated clinical guidelines or textbooks that integrate evidence-based information about specific clinical problems.

Clinical Practice Guidelines

General

Evidence-Based Texts

 

SYNOPSES OF SYNTHESES

Synopses of syntheses, summarize the information found in systematic reviews.  By drawing conclusions from evidence at lower levels of the pyramid, these synopses often provide sufficient information to support clinical action.

SYNTHESES

Commonly referred to as a systematic review, a synthesis is a comprehensive summary of all the evidence surrounding a specific research question.    

 

SYNOPSES OF SINGLE STUDIES

Synopses of single studies summarize evidence from high-quality studies.   The following evidence-based abstract journals are the best place to find this type of information:

SINGLE STUDIES

Studies represent unique research conducted to answer specific clincial questions.

Article Databases

Clinical Queries

The CINAHL, OVID (Medline, PsycINFO), and Pubmed databases can be searched using the Clinical Queries filter, limiting your results to specific clinical research areas: Therapy, Prognosis, Review, Qualitative, and Causation (Etiology)

For further information and tips on using the Clinical Queries filter, please visit the following links:

META_SEARCHES

 

Meta-Searches search for evidence across multiple resources.  These tools return information from all levels of the pyramid:

Get Videos and Films

Videos

Online Film Collections

  • NFB (National Film Board) ?

    Description: The NFB's online Screening Room features over 3,000 films, excerpts, trailers and interactive works (including) documentaries, animation, experimental films and fiction (with a Canadian context or perspective.) Faculty can activate additional CAMPUS tools on their personal NFB account to create playlists of film snippets ("chapters") and entire films for classes; contact Desmond Maley (dmaley@laurentian.ca) for details.

Need a Film Not in Laurentian's Online Film Collections?

​Consult: Watmedia (Provincial Multi-media Catalogue).  Material held by Laurentian may be signed out in the library. To order a film not available at Laurentian, please email LUFilmLibrary@laurentian.ca and specify the date(s) you require the item.

Questions:  Please contact Ashley Thomson who manages the Intrafilm Project.

Data and Statistics

Start with This

Ontario Population Health Index of Databases (OPHID) (I(Edit)

In addition, the data librarians at York University (Toronto) have compiled a thorough guide to various Data and Stats Sources, not only for Canada, but for the United States and other International locations.

E-Data

International, national, and provincial statistical health data are important sources of information for public health, allowing for the analysis, evaluation, and development of policies and services.

Statistics Canada

   Statistics Canada provides recent data, profiles, indicators, methods, and studies on Canadians.

Stats Guide

For more information, visit our research guide on Data and Statistics.

Feel free to email data@laurentian.ca for further help in conducting research with data and statistics.

Citing Sources and Zotero

Why Cite?

We cite sources to acknowledge the work of others, as well as to avoid academic dishonesty or plagiarism.

The University of Toronto  has made available a comprehensive set of guidelines on How NOT to Plagiarize .which deserves to be read by every student

Citation Styles in Laurentian's Nursing Program

At Laurentian, professors will specify the citation style to be used.  In Nursing, it is normally APA. To learn more about the APA and other citation styles, consult Laurentian's guide to citation styles.

Zotero is a free, web-based citation manager that allows you to: 

  • Directly import references from article databases, the library catalogue, e-book collections, etc.
  • Manage and organize your references.
  • Create a bibliography.
  • Share your references with others
  • Add in-text citation and a bibliography directly into your assignment 

Getting started with Zotero: