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New Books

The following list contains the most recently added items charged to Law and Justice, and the  list is refreshed on a nightly basis.  If you see a title that the library does NOT have, please contact Mr. Maley, the subject specialist or fill out "Please Buy This".

Faculty Consultant

This guide was prepared in consultation with Dr. Charlotte Neff of the Law and Justice Department.

Courses

For information about  Laurentian's Department of Law and Justice and the courses it offers, please visit the Department of Law and Justice's web site.

Welcome!!

The purpose of this guide is to recommend print and electronic resources for conducting research in Law and Justice in the Library.  Click on the links on the left for suggestions about starting your research, getting books and articles, and finding other useful tools for research in Law and Justice.

Connect from Off Campus

Most of the Library's online resources are available to you from anywhere off campus.  See: UL Proxy Accounts.

Library Instruction

To learn more about the library and its resources and how you can exploit them to your advantage, register in the Research Skills Tutorial on D2L. There are several sections in the tutorial with a short quiz at the end of each; at the end you will receive a Certificate of Completion. Many professors require you to take this tutorial--and once you finish it, you can save your certificate to reprint as often as necessary.

In the fall,  the library hosts live Orientation tours as well as Zotero classes which you can sign up for at the library's entrance, and even after the formal schedule is finished, we are very happy to put on special classes at the request of at least 5 students. If you would like to arrange a special class, or you think your course would benefit from some in-class library instruction, please ask your professor to contact the librarian responsible for your faculty to set up some sessions.

Subject Librarian

Name: Desmond Maley
Position Title: Associate Librarian
Email Address: dmaley@laurentian.ca
Extension: 3323
Office Location: 30-246, J.-N. Desmarais Library

Help with a Paper

I am available to help you throughout the academic year.  If you would like to arrange for an individual appointment, please e-mail me with a requested date and time, and a brief description of your project.

More Help

In the library: The Library User Assistance Desk to your immediate left as you enter the library is a good place to start.

By email: Email the librarian responsible for your faculty for a reply during regular working hours.

By telephone: 705-675-4803, or toll free at 1-800-661-1058, ext. 2

By chat: With our "Ask the Library" service. For more information, see About Ask a Librarian.

For Distance Education students: Telephone: 1-800-661-1058, ext. 2 or email: Distance_l@laurentian.ca

Get Started

Quick Tips on Preparing for Research

Before you start:

  • understand the key terms you may be using as well as the general area that interests you;
  • think about ways to narrow your topic, making it as specific as possible (unless you have been given a specific topic to research!);
  • create a thesis statement;
  • list  the main concepts (key words) included in your thesis statement (research question), then based on your readings;
  • find as many synonyms as you can for each main concept. You are now ready to start searching in the library's catalogue and databases.

When you are looking for definitions or if you don’t know much about a specific subject, reference works such as dictionaries and encyclopedias become invaluable because they contain relatively short—and understandable—articles. These articles often lay out the parameters of a subject and can assist you in trying to narrow your topic. Often such articles are accompanied by lists of readings (bibliographies) which allow you to explore your topic further.

 The best general encyclopedia is: Encyclopedia Britannnica.

Legal Dictionaries

PRINT

  • General

Black's Law Dictionary.  1979.  (Print).  To find more using the catalogue, click on the subject heading:  Law--Dictionaries.

  • Canadian Law

Dictionary of Canadian Law.  2004  (Print).  To find more using the catalogue, click on the subject heading: Law--Canada--Dictionaries.

 ONLINE

Get Books and Theses

Why Use Books?

  • Books are extremely valuable resources when doing in-depth research on a topic! Authors have hundreds of pages to give detailed explanations and background information surrounding the various facets of your research interest.
  • Using this kind of in-depth information will make it easier to form a research question or thesis statement (or even spark your inspiration)
  • The bibliographies found in books are extensive, and will point you to other resources to add to your own resource list.
  • Remember: scholars write journal articles under the assumption that you already have a relatively thorough understanding of the topic – this means that you will likely not find the foundational information needed for your topic in the beginning stages of your research process. In this sense, books become indispensable

Searching the Catalogue

The catalogue is your primary tool for finding books in the J.N. Desmarais Library. You can also use the catalogue to find other materials, including government publications and journals (the journals themselves--not individual articles).

You can search the catalogue by:

  • Keyword
  • Title
  • Author
  • Subject
  • Journal Title

When you know the book you are searching for, pick Title or Author; when you are searching for a topic, start with Keyword unless you know the exact Subject heading describing your topic.

More on searching the Catalogue is available in Module 5 of the Research Skills Tutorial in D2L.

E-Books

E-books are located in two different places:

  • Some may be located by using the library’s catalogue. These records will have [electronic resource] in the title.
  • E-books can also be located by searching in e-book collections. Searching in these collections is the same as searching in a database.

Recommended E-Book Collections

Recent Acquisitions

The following list contains the most recently added items charged to Law and Justice, and the  list is refreshed on a nightly basis.  If you see a title that the library does NOT have, please contact the Desmond Maley, the subject specialist.

WorldCat

With nearly 200 million records representing titles held by nearly 75,000 libraries you will find almost any book ever published in the English language in WorldCat.
Search Tips:  Once you log-in, click on the Help Button: Help button
After your search, when you see a title that interests you, click on it and within the record you will see an image for "Get it @ Laurentian" :
   Get it @ Laurentian
When you click on that, you will be led to a menu which allows you to check for availability in Laurentian’s catalogue or order the item through ILL - Interlibrary Loan.
Note: While a free version of WorldCat is available online, we recommend that you use the university's subscription version of WorldCat because it offers the "Get it @ Laurentian" feature and more powerful search functionality.

Theses

In addition to books, you may wish to search for book-length Master's theses or Ph.D dissertations.

Best bet:  Dissertations and Theses (ProQuest).

If you are also looking for recent theses or dissertations produced by Laurentian graduates, check out our Research Repository - LUZONE.  Note that since 2013, before graduation all Masters and Doctoral candidates MUST deposit their theses or dissertations in this repository.

Get Articles

Quick Tip

If you need to find an article--and you have the full journal citation--then you can often get to it quickly using Electronic Journals (A-Z).  Type in the name of the journal, click on the correct journal name, click on the appropriate year / volume / issue, then find your article on the list by starting page number. Please note that you cannot use the A-Z list to search by subject or by article title--the list only supplies access to known electronic journal titles.

Articles: Quick Tips

The databases to the right provide references to many scholarly journal articles and papers.

  1. Start off with keyword searches expressing your topic. Keyword searching crosses all fields.
  2. Use Search Operators such as "OR" and "AND" to expand or reduce your results.
  3. Review those items that look relevant, then, exploit the details within those entries to help lead you to other relevant articles.
    • Pay attention to the subject headings (often called "descriptors") to see how the database describes your topic and use them to find related articles.
    • Find other papers written by the same author; these will typically be on similar subjects.
    • Follow citation trails: other articles that have cited this article will probably be on a related subject and will include citations to other articles of interest.
  4. For more Secrets of Searching a Database, review that section in How to Research Like a Librarian.

Recommended Starting Databases

  • HeinOnline ?

    Description: Contains more than 1,400 law and law-related periodicals including most Canadian legal journals. Coverage is from the first issue published for all periodicals and goes through the most-currently published issues allowed based on contracts with publishers. This is to be preferred to Lexis-Nexis since the articles appear as they do in the print journal.

  • Lexis-Nexis Academic ?

    Description: Lexis-Nexis Academic is a rich source of news, business and legal information.

Subject Databases

  • bepress Legal Repository ?

    Description: The bepress Legal Repository is a network of law-related research materials. Law schools, research units, institutes, centers, think tanks, conferences, and other subject-appropriate groups post materials to specific publications (e.g., the USC Working Paper Series). This high-quality content may be downloaded freely by interested readers.

  • Canadian Business & Current Affairs™ (CBCA) Complete ?

    Description: More than 4.5 million records from 1,730 titles covering current events, business, education, science, the arts, and academic information as produced in Canada. The database also includes a few Canadian legal journals that are in neither Hein Online nor Lexis-Nexis, also full-text.

Some Related Databases

  • America: History and Life ?

    Description: Covers literature on the history and culture of the U.S. and Canada from prehistory to the present. The index includes 1,700 journals from as far back as 1910. Access is limited to 6 concurrent users.

  • Canadian Newsstand Major Dailies ?

    Description: Includes national and leading regional papers such as National Post, Calgary Herald, Edmonton Journal, Montreal Gazette, Ottawa Citizen, Regina Leader Post, Vancouver Sun and the Victoria Times-Colonist.

  • Canadian Periodicals Index Quarterly (CPI.Q) ?

    Description: The CPI provides access to articles from a comprehensive list of Canadian and international journals, magazines, selected sections of the Globe and Mail, Canadian biographies and other reference content from Gale™, all with a Canadian focus. Indexing from 1980 to present; Full-text articles from 1983 to present.

  • Google Scholar ?

    Set your "Library Links" to include "Laurentian University - Get full text" at https://scholar.google.ca/scholar_settings for easy off-campus access

    Description: "Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature... across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites."

  • Historical Abstracts ?

    Description: Historical Abstracts covers the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 to the present, including world history, military history, women's history, history of education, and more. This authoritative database provides indexing of more than 2,300 academic historical journals in over 40 languages back to 1955. Access is limited to 6 concurrent users.

  • PAIS International ?

    Description: Covers public and social policy and the social sciences in general. Indexes journal articles, books, government documents (with emphasis on Canada, the U.S., and the United Nations), statistical compilations, committee reports, and directories. Includes: PAISArchive 1915-1976 & PAIS International from 1972 to the present.

  • Worldwide Political Science Abstracts ?

    Description: Cette base de données donne accès aux références et abrégés provenants de revues internationales en science politique et ses domaines complémentaires tels que relations internationales, politique publique, administration publique et droit. (Avec nos remerciements à la Bibliothèque de l’Université d’Ottawa pour le texte en français)

Peer Review

Peer Review is the evaluation of creative work by scholars in the same field in order to maintain or enhance the quality of the work in that field.

In the case of peer reviewed journals, which are usually academic, peer review generally refers to the evaluation of the articles in them prior to publication. For more, check out this definition of peer review.

  • To ascertain whether a journal is peer reviewed, consult Ulrichsweb.

Citation Sources

When researching a paper, it is useful to consult the citations used by the author of an article that you find relevant.  But that article itself may have been cited by other authors after it was first written. Two sources help you identify such citations:

Getting Articles @ Laurentian

In any database, when you see an article that interests you, click on it and, unless the article is available within the database itself, within the record you will see an image that says "Get it @ Laurentian":

Get it at Laurentian

When you click on that,  you will arrive at a menu which will lead to an electronic copy of the article you want, or, if not available electronically, to Laurentian's catalogue which will allow you to check if the article is available in print in the library, and if not, to a final link which allows you to order the item through Interlibrary loan.

Get Cases

Canadian Cases

PRINT

Use the on-line catalogue to find hard copy holdings (e.g. Supreme Court Reports, Ontario Reports, Canadian Criminal Cases, Reports of Family Law, Canadian Rights Reporter, Canadian Human Rights Reporter, Labour Arbitration Cases, Canadian Labour Law Reports.)

ONLINE

CanLII

CanLII provides access to primary Canadian legal material by jurisdiction, federal and provincial, including the full text of judgements as issued by courts, as well as a large number of Boards and Tribunals. To determine how far back judgements exist for each court or tribunal click on any jurisdiction in the left menu, then click Scope of Databases. To search the judgments again click on a jurisdiction, and a search dialogue will appear at the top.

 
All Supreme Court of Canada cases to the beginning of time are available in their official version as published in the Supreme Court Reports

Lexis-Nexis Academic (Quicklaw)

Court cases since 1876.  To find, click on "Search by Content Type>" and then under "International Legal" choose Canadian Cases.

Canadian Cases

 

 

 

 

US Cases

Lexis-Nexis Academic

Includes:

  • U.S. Supreme Court decisions from January 1790 to present, searchable by majority opinion, minority opinion, concurring opinion, counsel, or headnotes
  • U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals decisions
  • U.S. District Court decisions from 1789 to present
  • Decisions from Bankruptcy Courts; U.S. Court of International Trade; Tax Courts; Courts of Customs and Patent Appeals, and Veterans, Commerce, and Military Courts
  • State court decisions at all court levels for all 50 states and territories

For US federal and state law, click on US Legal and then Federal and State Cases as in:

US Cases

UK and Other Jurisdictions

Hein Online

Includes English Reports, Full-Reprint (1220-1867).  This collection contains over 100,000 cases, representative of 265 separate series of Reports,arranged by Courts.

Lexis-Nexis Academic

Includes cases from most Commonwealth countrties. 

UK Cases cover from 1558 through current and include

  • All England Law Reports Reprints from 1558 (when available),
  • ICLR Law Reports from 1865,
  • All England Law Reports from 1936 and other law reports from 1945.
  • Scottish reported cases from 1982 and
  • Northern Ireland cases from 1945.
  • Unreported cases from England & Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland from 1980.

To access click on International Legal, then EU, Commonwealth, and Other Nations as in

British Cases

and then when in this section, tick off desired collection

as in

British Cases, Part 2

 

 

 

 

Get Statutes

Canadian Legislation

CanLII

CanLII provides access to primary Canadian legal material by jurisdiction, federal and provincial, including current legislation and regulations.

Lexis-Nexis Academic

Current legislation plus earlier legislation (from mid 1980s) from Canada, B.C., Alberta and Ontario. Regulations also available.  To find, click on Search by Content Type/ International Legal / Canadian Legislation  as in

 

Federal legislation is also available at: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/ and Ontario provincial legislation at http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/. Current Federal Bills are available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/ and Ontario Bills at: http://www.ontla.on.ca.

US and Other Jurisdictions

Hein Online

In Hein Online, the Session Laws Library provides access to federal legislation not only from Canada (1792 to within a year or so), but to Australia (1901 to a year or two), the Bahamas (1968-1996), the United States (1789 to three years ago) and to all states (19th, 20th and 21st centuries).

Lexis-Nexis Academic

Get the most current US law by clicking on Search by Content / Legal /  and then, deparending upon your requirements, Federal Statutes, Codes & Regulations, or State Statutes, Codes & Regulations.  See screen shot opposite.

 

Get Films

Online Film Collections

  • NFB (National Film Board) ?

    Description: The NFB's online Screening Room features over 3,000 films, excerpts, trailers and interactive works (including) documentaries, animation, experimental films and fiction (with a Canadian context or perspective.) Faculty can activate additional CAMPUS tools on their personal NFB account to create playlists of film snippets ("chapters") and entire films for classes; contact Desmond Maley (dmaley@laurentian.ca) for details.

Need a Film Not in Laurentian's Online Film Collections?

​Consult: Watmedia (Provincial Multi-media Catalogue).  Material held by Laurentian may be signed out in the library. To order a film not available at Laurentian, please email LUFilmLibrary@laurentian.ca and specify the date(s) you require the item.

Questions:  Please contact Ashley Thomson who manages the Intrafilm Project.

The Best Internet Portals

Guides

Canadian Law
 
International Law
 

 

 

Citing Sources and Zotero

Citation Styles in Laurentian's Law and Justice Program

At Laurentian, your professor will specify the citation style to be used.  In Law and Justice, it is often Chicago but you might also be asked to use APA or MLA. The library has an online guide for the various citation styles. The standard resource for legal citation is:

Canadian guide to uniform legal citation. 8th ed. 2014. Also known as The McGill Guide.

Other Guides to Legal Citation and Research

ZOTERO

Zotero is a free, web-based citation manager that allows you to: 

  • Directly import references from article databases, the library catalogue, e-book collections, etc.
  • Manage and organize your references.
  • Create a bibliography.
  • Share your references with others
  • Add in-text citation and a bibliography directly into your assignment 

Getting started with Zotero:

Law and Justice Databases

Some items are licensed for use by members of the Laurentian University community; use by others may be restricted.

Proxy server accounts

are available to Laurentian University members who wish to use licensed products from off campus.

= Recommended Starting Database
 

Subject Databases

Some Internet Portals

 

Book Reviews

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

Legal Citation